Our feet are integral in the performance of our day-to-day activities. They withstand the pressures of movement, footwear constraints as well as our full body weight. Occasionally, repeated pressure and friction may occur on specific areas of the foot, leading to the formation of corns and calluses. Appearing as hard patches of skin, they typically form at the tips of toes, between toes, under the big toe or at the ball of the foot. Corns are differentiated from calluses by an inner central ‘core’. If you are unsure, you can consult one of our friendly podiatrists for an assessment. While corns and calluses develop as the body’s natural method of protection, they may become extremely painful when left untreated.
Over-the-counter treatments, such as corn paint or plasters, only treat symptoms and not the problem itself. Furthermore, they often damage healthy skin surrounding the corn when used improperly.
At The Sole Clinic, we will gently debride with the hard skin of the callus with highly sterile instruments so that the center of the corn can be removed. We will also recommend ways to relieve pain, isolate the cause and prevent the problem from reoccurring. Soft padding and strapping or deflective appliances that fit easily into your shoes may also be used to allow the callus to heal effectively.
We may also discuss the type of footwear that is more likely to cause corns and calluses. In some cases, special shoe inserts (orthoses) may be prescribed to reduce excessive weight bearing forces on the foot and provide long-term relief.