Fungal Infected Toenails

What Is A Fungal Nail Infection?

Fungal nail infection, also known as onychomycosis, is a fungal infection that affects either the fingernails or toenails. More common in the toenails, fungal infections normally develop over time, so any immediate difference in the way your nail looks or feels may be too subtle to notice at first.

What Causes A Fungal Nail Infection?

A fungal nail infection occurs from the overgrowth of fungi in, under, or on the nail. Fungi thrive in warm, moist environments.

It occurs when fungi invades nails that have been damaged by shoes, trauma or sporting activity. Fungus often grows at the end of the nail plate and continues to spread underneath, forming white chalky plaques on the nail surface.

As the infection progresses, yellowish and brownish discolouration may start to occur. Further cell damage by the fungus to the nail can also cause the nail to thicken and change in shape.

If you have come in contact with someone else who has a fungal infection, it may spread to you. This infection is contagious and may result in pain, discomfort and a lowered self-esteem.

How Do I Know If I Have Fungal Nail Infections?

fungal toe nails

Visible signs of a fungal nail infection include:

  • thickening, discolouration and staining of the nail plate
  • scaling under the nail, which is called subungual hyperkeratosis
  • white or yellow streaks on the nail, which is called lateral onychomycosis
  • a crumbling corner or tip of the nail, which is called distal onychomycosis
  • flaking white areas on the nail’s surface, which may include pits in the nail
  • the appearance of yellow spots at the bottom of the nail, which is called proximal onychomycosis
  • loss of the nail

How Can Podiatry Help?

Currently, the most commonly used methods of treatment for fungal nails are oral medications or laser treatment. However, oral medication may pose significant side effects on the liver. Laser treatment has also been reported to be painful. Over-the-counter topical products can also treat nail infections but they do not provide reliable results in all cases.

During your podiatry appointment, the podiatrist may require trimming and thinning of nails to physically remove fungal spore areas, as well as to enable medication to penetrate the nail. Anti-fungal topical medicament, available at The Sole Clinic must be applied daily. This will help to cure the infected nail, while preventing the infection from spreading to neighbouring nails. Such treatment can be required for up to 12 months or longer.

At The Sole Clinic, PACT® Nail Fungus Therapy, the latest state-of-the-art light therapy treatment for fungal nails, is also available. This painless method is extremely effective with no adverse side effects, unlike oral medication.

How Does PACT® Work?

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) involves the interaction of light, a photosensitive agent and oxygen to produce a local chemical effect. This photochemical reaction induces fungal cell death without affecting surrounding tissue meaning it is 100% completely safe!  

A single PACT nail fungus treatment session will involve the following:


  1. On your initial appointment our podiatrists will confirm diagnosis of nail fungus and check your suitability for PACT treatment.
  2. First we will debride and remove all of the infected nail.
  3. A gel is then applied to the nail and left to absorb for 10 minutes. This gel stains the fungal cells making them sensitive to the light emitted by the scientifically tested PACT LED lamp.
  4. The PACT LED light is applied for 9.5 minutes penetrating the nail and destroying the fungal cells.

Our Success Cases

Our patients normally come in after all kinds of treatment have failed. Their fungal problem have plagued them from many years.

fungal toe nails image 1

fungal toe nails image 2


20 year old fungal problem

20 year old fungal

fungal sessions

Does PACT® Nail Fungus Therapy Have Any Side Effects?

PACT nail fungus therapy is 100% safe with no known contra-indications. Repeated exposure to the light does not produce any adverse effects. Following a PACT therapy treatment session the nail will retain a blue discolouration. This will vanish soon after treatment but in rare cases may remain for up to one week

How Do I Get My Fungal Nails Treated With PACT®?

Please make an initial appointment with us. The podiatrists will diagnose your toenails and see if your nails are suitable for PACT nail fungus therapy. If your nails are suitable, we will explain the treatment process in detail, structure your treatment plan and schedule your PACT nail treatments.