What is Low Back Pain?
Low Back Pain (LBP) is defined as ‘any pain arising from the region of your lower back to the buttock folds’. LBP can be sub-catagorised into distinct catagories:
There are many reasons why you may hurt your back. Some people hurt their back from lifting heavy loads or simply lifting too repetitively, some people sustain heavy impact from road traffic accidents,jumping and landing from height or falling onto their backs or buttocks. In the elderly population or people at risk of osteoporosis, they may even sustain a fracture just from a sneeze!
In most cases, LBP develop in people who have not hurt their backs, or they might have a history of a back injury a long time ago that have healed. Therefore, the chance of them suffering from actual structural damage in the spine is lower. We need to consider the various risk factors that position them at risk of LBP. Risk factors, once targeted, can bring resolution to LBP. From well conducted research over the years, experts have identified these risk factors for the development and prolonging of LBP. The more ‘risky’ you are, the more likely you will develop LBP or the higher the chance that it may persist.
Poor sleep quality
Chronic stress in life, work
Low mood, depressed
Fearful of becoming active again
How physiotherapy can help
Physiotherapy is widely accepted as being the safest and first line of treatment for lower back problems. Treatment for LBP depends on the diagnosis, severity and the progression of the condition from initial onset. Once these have been established from a clinical examination, targeted treatment can begin. A Musculoskeletal Physiotherapist will be able to perform these. If anti-inflammatory medication or diagnostic investigations are needed, we can refer you to a doctor. Physiotherapy treatment may comprise: